Nagaland Food Security
Nagaland, was born on 1st December 1963 and among the farthest lying state in northeast. The state is split into seven districts: Kohima, Phek, Mokokchung, Wokha, Zunheloto, Twensang and Mon. It is a mostly mountainous state with most area covered by forest. Agriculture is that the most essential economic activity in Nagaland. Principal crops embody rice, corn, millets, pulses, tobacco, oilseeds, sugarcane, potatoes and fibres. Alternative economy boosters are forestry, cottage industries, Insurance, real estate and tourism.
The state is found between the 93°20′ E and 95°15′ E Longitudes and 25°6′ and 27°4′ N Latitudes. The entire space lined by the state is 16,579 sq. kilometer. Nagaland was declared the sixteenth state of the country of India on 1 December 1963. Before this, Nagaland accustomed could be a union territory. The other attention-grabbing knowledge concerning Nagaland is that it homes as many as sixteen entirely completely different ethnic groups. These groups of people have their own separate cultural identities that embrace customs, dresses and languages. Nearly 90% of the population of Nagaland is devout Christians. The state put together options a considerable Hindu people. Kohima, the capital town of the state, options a variety of sites that ought to be visited by the tourists as a result of it will facilitate them in getting an insight of the rich history place. The name ‘Kohima’ has been derived from the name of a plant referred to as ‘Kew Hi’ that thrives inside the mountainous region. Kohima could be a fascinating place, endowed many natural beauty.
Nagaland has created tremendous progress throughout the last forty seven years of its Statehood. Our ability level, these days standing on top of 70th, is on top of the Indian national average. Our growth in agriculture sector, significantly inside the previous couple of years, has even shocked United States. A quick examine the gross domestic product of the State show that the State’s economy has been registered a healthy growth of relating to 15 August 1945. Such tremendous growth in agriculture sector desires corresponding entrepreneurial intervention to want advantage of the potentials, and switch them into economic opportunities.
Meaning of Food security
It is an act to produce for food and organic process security in human life cycle approach , by guaranteeing access to adequate amount of quality food at reasonable costs to individuals to measure a life with dignity and for matters connected with that or incidental to it.
The ‘National Food Security Act, 2013’ was introduced by the govt. to produce quality and nutrient food to the folk, poor and pregnant ladies. the most aim of this Act is – to produce food and organic process security in human life cycle approach, by guaranteeing access to essential and adequate amount of quality food at reasonable costs to folks to measure a life with dignity and for matters connected with that or incidental to it.
The connected provisions and mechanism for providing food and organic process security to common men of this country square measure arranged down within the Act, that square measure as follows:
- Fair value search
- Food grains
- Food Security
- Rural space
- Targeted Public Distribution System
Three years after adoption of the National Food Security Act (NFSA) in 2013, the state of Nagaland is finally set to implement the Act once abundant talks with the Centre on the financial facet.
The Act is enforced in Dimapur and Kohima districts with result from July 1, 2016 and by August next, the NFSA can cover the remaining nine districts. The Nagaland regime can begin execution the NFSA coverage phase-wise from June 1 beginning with Kohima and Dimapur districts. NFSA 2013 was a landmark event within the State’s history. delay in implementation of the Food Security Act in Nagaland was owing to unfavourable funding pattern and varied supplying problems like lack of infrastructure, lack of godowns in most districts of the State, lack of power backup, conversion method and constitution of State Food Commission, vigilance committees, and grievances redress mechanism at the district level.
Under the Act, beneficiaries of Priority Household (PHH) would be provided five metric weight units of backed food grains per head at Rs three per metric weight unit for rice and Rs 2 for wheat within the ratio of 4:1. NFSA 2013 would additionally cover 78.83 per cent of the agricultural people and 61.98 per cent of the urban people within the State.
Department, from high to bottom, was totally mobilized to realize the target of providing extremely backed food grains to the beneficiaries. Informing that each on top of poverty line (APL) and Below poverty line (BPL) beneficiaries are amalgamated beneath the name of Priority home as per the Act, the department had 2,37,434 households with a rise of 44,464 households with feminine members as head of family within the PHH card covering 11,93,922 individual beneficiaries. alongside 2,12,034 Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) beneficiaries, the department would cover 14,05,956 beneficiaries.
Three years once adoption of the National Food Security Act (NFSA) in 2013, the state of Nagaland is finally set to implement the Act once abundant talks with the Centre on the monetary facet.
The Act are enforced in Dimapur and Kohima districts with result from 1st of July, 2016 and by August next, the NFSA can cover the remaining nine districts.
In pursuance of National Food Security Act 2013, the Govt. Of Nagaland has approved for the implementation of the NFSA,2013 within the state. The eligible priority households shall be entitled to receive 5(five) kgs of Foodgrains per person per month either @Rs.3/- per kilogram of rice or Rs.2/- per kilogram of wheat. The implementation shall begin solely once completion of identification of eligible households within the state.
There will be no additional ABL/BPL beneficiaries beneath NFSA solely Priority households. The AAY (Antyodaya Anna Yojana) beneficiaries can still receive their monthly allocation as per the theme. The District Administration, native bodies and village Councils square measure requested to help the Department of F&CS to spot eligible priority beneficiaries. Any false declarations by candidates are mechanically rejected and no additional appeal is thought of.
The Criteria For Identification Of Priority Households Under The National Food Security Act, 2013 Are As Under:-
- Households having an annual family income of Rs. 1.5 lakh or less and falling underneath the subsequent class are considered for inclusion beneath priority households.
- Vulnerable and marginalised section of the individuals infected with HIV+ and punctually registered by Nagaland State Aids control Society (NSACS).
- Households with a disable person as head of the households (as outlined in persons with Disabilities Act ‘1995) subjected to submission of prescribed certified by a competent medical Authority.
- Single women (including widows, unmarried, divorced and deserted women).
- Homeless and indigent households.
- Occupationally vulnerable teams like Casual Domestic staff, Unskilled staff, Casual Labourers, rickshaw and Cart-pullers, Marginal Farmers, Vegetables Vendors, Rag-pickers etc. also will be enclosed underneath Priority Households.
- He/She ought to be a bonafide subject of India and apermanent resident of Nagaland.
- Salaried workers (Public/Private Sectors) falling below the financial gain bar as mentioned on top of.
- Any member of households possessing a four wheeler.
- Households receiving Ration/Food grant underneath the other
- Any member of the house who is a worker of
- Central/State Govt. With an annual income of over Rs.1.5 lakh
- NPSC Mains Tests and Notes Program
- NPSC Prelims Exam 2017- Test Series and Notes Program
- NPSC Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program
- NPSC Detailed Complete Prelims Notes